World Lung Cancer Day: Tobacco use will harm your lungs

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World Lung Cancer Day: Tobacco use will harm your lungs

World Lung Cancer Day: Tobacco use will harm your lungs

Theme for this year: ‘I Am, and I Will’

In observance of World Lung Cancer Day, doctors at Fortis Hospital Mohali, led by Dr Digambar Behera, Director, Pulmonary Medicine, Fortis Hospital Mohali created awareness and sensitized the public around causes of lung cancer, the possible symptoms and importance of early detection and treatment.

 Dr Digambar Behera says, “One of the main causes of lung cancer is tobacco use which can harm the lung tissue and affect the person’s ability to inhale oxygen. Tobacco smoke contains carbon monoxide, and this gas can limit the oxygen in the blood, thereby decreasing its delivery to the organs. People above 50 years of age who regularly smoke should get a chest X-ray done every year. Passive smokers are also at risk. People who are exposed to high levels of radiation, arsenic, chromium, nickel, copper, asbestos also have high chances of developing lung cancer. Further, exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution, particularly biomass fuel and kerosene, can damage the lungs. Some people also have a genetic predisposition for lung cancer.”

 SYMPTOMS:
Symptoms include cough, blood in the sputum, chest pain, fever, weakness, fatigue, malaise, loss of appetite and weight loss.

 DIAGNOSIS:

Lung cancer can be diagnosed through a lab test, PET/CT scan and endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS). A bronchoscopy is conducted when a biopsy is done, fine needle aspiration cytology and examination of the lung fluid also confirm the primary site of the cancer. Pathological test helps diagnose the type of cancer and the line of treatment.

World Lung Cancer Day: Tobacco use will harm your lungs

 TREATMENT:

Lung cancer therapy primarily comprises surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.

 ADVISORY FOR COVID-19 PATIENTS:

Patients with lung cancer could be at a higher risk of contracting covid infection due to underlying comorbidities, especially pulmonary conditions. Ensure to follow covid appropriate behavior such as social distancing and wearing face masks to avoid contracting the viral infection. All patients must take a covid vaccine to safeguard themselves.

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